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9 Developer Skills Every Programmer Should Know Now

If you have worked in software development for some time, you might have understood what makes a good programmer. What developer skills should a programmer master in 2023 for faster career growth and better pay? This article discusses the top 9 software developer skills to learn in 2023:

1. Data Structure & Algorithms

Data Structures are the organizational methods for storing information in the database. The major part of a programmer’s job is spent on figuring out the optimized solution for a project using DSA. This decision directly impacts the company’s resource usage and profitability. It is no surprise that DSA always stays in demand, and a software developer aspirant should learn data structures and algorithms. Data structures, including arrays, and linked lists, help developers organize data into a specific order. Popular companies like FAANG, Meta, Google, Microsoft, and Amazon are looking for programmers who can scale up programs and innovate through the use of data structures & algorithms. Thus, it emerges as one of the most important skills for software developers.

2. Knowledge of Database and SQL

Database systems deal with different data storage methods. As the data keeps on accumulating each day, storing and managing it becomes difficult. Knowledge of databases is one of the top software developer skills needed for programmers in data science, data analysis, and backend development. Though there are several languages to work with databases, Structure Query Language (SQL) has emerged as the most popular among them. As a programmer, you should know how to insert/update/ or delete data and write SQL queries to retrieve it.

3. Containers (Docker and Kubernetes)

In the conventional method, code is developed in a specific computing environment and is transferred to a new location that may result in bugs. Whereas containers combine the application code with relevant configuration files, libraries, and other dependencies to minimize the potential for bugs. It includes operating system files that help the containers virtualize the OS and let the application seamlessly run anywhere. This developer skill helps the programmer to develop and deploy applications faster and more securely. Containers are preconfigured environments that combine code and other dependencies with running an application without downloading it to a physical computer. Some famous containers include Docker, Google Kubernetes Engine, Linux Containers, etc.

4. Cloud Computing

Cloud computing is storing and managing data using cloud-based solutions instead of local physical servers. Regardless of the size, all companies in different domains are migrating to cloud services as they offer cost-effective infrastructure with better scalability and flexibility. Also, most businesses in 2023 are adopting data science, machine learning, and artificial intelligence in their business efforts. Thus, working with cloud-based technology is a must-learn developer skill than ever. Getting familiar with top cloud platforms like Microsoft Azure, Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud Platform, etc., will offer you a competitive edge over others during interviews.

5. Source Control (Git)

The source control or version control software helps you track any modifications in the code and thus helps the software team manage the source code better. If anything goes wrong, developers can quickly turn to the software and compare the earlier version of the code to fix the mistake. To become a software developer, you should learn the version control tools like Git and SVN.

6. Text Editors

A text editor is a software that lets you open, create and edit plain text files. Unlike word processing programs, text editor doesn’t add formatting to your text. But, programmers can use text editors to write and edit programming and markup languages quickly. Notepad++, Visual Studio Code, Sublime Text, etc., are some popular text editors widely used.

7. Integrated Development Environments (IDEs)

The IDEs are a kind of workbench for programmers where all the necessary tools are available and ready to use through a single graphical user interface (GUI). By adequately learning one IDE, a programmer can get familiar with several tools that work synergistically rather than learning each tool separately. Please observe that IDE is language-specific, meaning IDE works well with more than one programming language.

8. Networking Basics

Computer networking consists of two or more connected devices– wired or wireless, to transmit, exchange or share data and resources within the network. Starting from your home’s Wi-fi, and doorbells, you will come across several devices sharing resources with each other through computer networking. Computer networking is a reliable way of sharing resources and information within a business, between the company and clients, etc.

It is based on the connectivity of computing devices, namely, servers, laptops, desktops, tablets, and others. Most web apps or mobile applications written by programmers are not standalone but client-server kind. The request is sent to the server through the network; thus, the client can access your application from anywhere in the world. If you want to become an irreplaceable programmer, you should understand computer networking better.

9. Programming Languages (Object-oriented)

Object-oriented programming languages develop flexible and easily understandable large software systems while minimizing bugs. They make it easier to understand how a program works by combining data and its behavior in a single bundle called an “object.” It helps you to break down each problem into smaller parts to make it more manageable and understandable. Some of the top benefits of object-oriented programming language:

  • Code Reusability through inheritance
  • Improved Productivity & Efficiency
  • Polymorphism Flexibility, and
  • Problem-Solving Ability


1. How To Develop Soft Skills

Soft skill is the ability to collaborate well with people they interact with. While technical programming skills can develop the software product, the product’s quality and valuation depend on how well multiple departments in your company work together. As the future of work is more driven by artificial intelligence, experts forecast that soft skills in the software industry will become even more critical. Some of the soft skills needed for software developers include

  • Communication Skills
  • Time Management Skills
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Accountability
  • Problem-Solving & Critical Thinking Skills etc.

2. How To Develop Leadership Skills

Though you are a technical programmer, as you grow up the corporate ladder, your career growth depends on management skills more than technical skills. Some people may be natural leaders. But anyone can acquire leadership skills with practice. Discipline, goal-setting, clear communication, and effective delegation are key secrets to becoming a good leader. You should step out of your comfort zone and take up challenging projects to prove your skills. A good leader shouldn’t feel offended when someone disagrees with you or questions your thinking. Make way for them to express their ideas, and give credit wherever required. One quality of a good leader is to see the bigger picture and forecast possible issues even before they occur. This skill is precious, especially when handling complex projects with tight deadlines.

3. How To Develop Critical Thinking Skills

Whether you are an established programmer in the tech industry or just starting as a beginner, you need critical thinking skills to stand out in the workforce & climb up the corporate ladder faster. While performing routine day-to-day tasks that don’t need much thinking, your brain goes into autopilot mode. But, when a complex problem arises, failing to think and make rational decisions can result in unnecessary errors. The best way to develop critical thinking skills is to regularly train your brain by solving puzzles and strengthening your problem-solving abilities.

4. How To Develop Administrative Assistant Skills

If you want to work as a remote developer, you should compete against millions of developers to get hired. Thus, you should master administrative and soft skills alongside core technical skills to become an irreplaceable candidate. Some of the tips for developing administrate assistant skills:

  • Work on your Communication Skills.
  • Get better at Time Management.
  • Attention to Detail.
  • Work on your Problem-Solving Skills

5. How To Develop Communication Skills

As a developer, you will often communicate with the other developers on your team, stakeholders, non-technical people, and other team members. Good communication skills will help you maintain a healthy relationship with your team while working efficiently through clear communication. Unfortunately, most developers have poor communication skills. As much as technical skills, communication skills play a major role in growing professionally in the workplace. The first step in communicating better is to learn to listen. In software development, any kind of misunderstanding can lead to inaccurate results or errors in the output. Present your work to others in multiple ways and verify which one works better for you. Welcome feedback and constructive criticism to bridge the gap between what you think and what you present.

6. How To Develop Good Time Management Skills

The constant deadlines, frequent meetings, and a never-ending to-do list may overwhelm you, resulting in poor productivity and resentment. As you grow in your career, you will have to deal with many tasks and people at a time. While time management is one of the top things to learn as a software engineer, what it takes to manage your time better? Here are some of our tips for effective time management:

  • Choose your Priorities.
  • Minimize Distractions.
  • Learn to Say No.
  • Use Time Management Apps to automate tasks.
  • Take breaks to avoid burnout.

7. How To Develop Problem-Solving Skills

Problem-solving is one of the top skills for software developers’ success in the industry. An excellent problem-solving skill is the ability to think creatively, break down problems into smaller parts, and analyze them to find potential solutions systematically. Computer science is all about thinking out of the box and developing innovative solutions for problems. Learning basics is just not enough. You need to constantly think and create better ways of doing things. Solving logic puzzles regularly and participating in coding challenges can help you sharpen your problem-solving abilities and become a top developer.

Irrespective of your choice, a good programmer should have the perfect combination of in-demand hard and soft skills for a rewarding career in programming. Hope this article has listed the top developer skills to learn as a software programmer. Want to hire a top-class remote developer for your company? Let Certified Developers help. Thanks for reading.



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